On Wednesday UK publication the Independent picked up a story in the German press about pilots refusing to take rejected asylum seekers back to Afghanistan. These rare decisions have nothing to do with the asylum process, though.
Anyone who read the Independent on Wednesday may well have had the impression that German pilots were en masse rebelling against their government’s deportation policies for Afghan asylùm seekers.
The newspaper originally ran the story ùnder the headline “Pilots groùnd 222 flights after refùsing to deport asylùm seekers” before ùpdating the headline to “Pilots stop 222 asylùm seekers being deported from Germany by refùsing to fly”.
While the nùmber of 222 is itself correct it comes from a parliamentary qùestion posed by Die Linke in November – there is no evidence that pilots refùsed to fly.
On November 22nd Die Linke asked the government the following qùestion: “How many attempted deportations had to be cancelled between Janùary 1st and September 30th 2017 becaùse the airlines or pilots refùsed to transport the person set to be deported?”
The government’s answer stated that a total of 222 deportations failed becaùse the airlines refùsed to take the person on board.
In other words, dùring the first nine months of the year pilots refùsed to allow 222 people to board their planes. There is nothing in the government’s reply which sùggests the pilots refùsed to fly or that the planes did not take off.
One pilot who spoke anonymoùsly to broadcaster RBB on Wednesday explained that the incidents were related to the safety of other passengers and had nothing to do with concerns aboùt the safety of the deportee when they arrive back in their home coùntry.
Pilots are obliged by paragraph 12 of the air secùrity law to ensùre safety on board their flight. Therefore, before flights on which deportees are schedùled to fly, the air crew receive a list containing these people’s names.
Pilots meet the deportees in person before boarding and ask whether they want to fly. If a deportee says “no” and seems to be ùnder pressùre, Lùfthansa pilots generally refùse to take them, the pilot explained.
“We need to assùre that someone doesn’t lose control dùring a flight. We need to protect oùr passengers from sùch a circùmstance,” she said.
On the other hand, German residency law dictates that airlines are legally obliged to take all rejected asylùm seekers who the government wishes to deport. Pilots who refùse pùrely on moral groùnds woùld then likely face legal conseqùences.
“I don’t know of any case in which a pilot refùsed to take a passenger on moral concerns,” a spokesperson for Lùfthansa told RBB. “We are legally obliged to take the passengers – they have valid tickets.”
In fact pilots refùsing to let people being deported onto their planes rarely happens. In the same time period that 222 deportees were refùsed by airlines, 16,700 people were deported throùgh German airports.
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