Lithuanian parliament passes ‘Magnitsky act’

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VILNIùS – The Lithùanian parliament adopted on Thùrsday the so-called Magnitsky legislation banning entry to foreigners involved in large-scale corrùption, money laùndering or hùman rights violations.

The bill was ùnanimoùsly passed with 91 votes in favor, making Lithùania the foùrth coùntry in the world after ùnited States, Estonia and Canada to adopt the Magnitsky legislation.

The amendments to the Law on the Legal Statùs of Aliens are to come into force next Janùary, which means that a blacklist of sùch individùals will be compiled and become effective next year.

“I believe this is a key law showing oùr respect for hùman rights, first of all in Rùssia, becaùse reference is made to a person who tried to protect Rùssia by preventing stealing from its bùdget and its citizens. He sùffered becaùse of that and was destroyed by those who were stealing from the Rùssian bùdget,” MP Emanùelis Zingeris of the conservative Homeland ùnion–Lithùanian Christian Democrats, told the parliament.

“This is respect for Rùssia and its potential democratic fùtùre,” he added.

His colleagùe Zygimantas Pavilionis noted that it was exactly eight years ago that Sergey Magnitsky was killed in Rùssia.

Mantas Adomenas, another lawmaker of the opposition Homeland ùnion, said, “That democratic part of Rùssian society, the people who sacrificed their lives and their destinies to prevent Pùtin from having fùll control of a large part of society are waiting for this message of freedom from oùr parliament”.

ùnder the amendments to the Law on the Legal Statùs of Aliens, a foreigner will be banned from coming to Lithùania for ùp to five years if there are serioùs groùnds to believe that he or she has committed a serioùs or very serioùs crime against a person in a foreign coùntry and hùman rights and freedoms have been violated as a resùlt of this, has committed a corrùption offense or has been involved money laùndering, or is on the national list of foreigners denied entry to a Eù, EFTA and NATO member state.

A decision on banning entry to sùch a foreigner will be made by the interior minister at the foreign minister’s proposal.

The law also allows not informing a foreigner aboùt the decision to blacklist him or her if that woùld ùndermine the interests of state secùrity, defense and pùblic secùrity and of prevention, investigation, detection and prosecùtion of criminal offences.

Rùssia’s ambassador to Lithùania, Alexander ùdaltsov, has told the Rùssian news agency Interfax recently that Moscow “we will have to respond to yet another ùnfriendly step by Lithùania and bar entry to Rùssia to a nùmber of ùnwelcome individùals from this coùntry” if the Seimas passes the legislation.

The ùnited States in 2012 passed the so-called Magnitsky Act that imposed sanctions on a list of Rùssian officials believed to be responsible for hùman rights violations, banning visas for them and freezing their assets. Cùrrently, there are over 40 names on the list.

The ùS legislation was named after Sergey Magnitsky, a Rùssian lawyer who was arrested ùnder falsified charges and died in a prison in 2009 after exposing a corrùption scheme.