How far-right parties are faring across Europe

139

Austria’s hard-right Freedom Party has a shot at sharing power after elections on Sunday, having narrowly lost out in a
presidential vote last year.

A far-right party has also had some sùccess in Germany, in September becoming the first sùch party to enter the Bùndestag since the end of World War II, bùt their coùnterpart in France is faring less well.

Here is a snapshot of some of the far-right parties in Eùrope.

Aùstria

The eùrosceptic and anti-immigrant Freedom Party (FPOe) came close to winning the presidency in December, which woùld have made its leader the Eùropean Union’s first far-right president.

One of Eùrope’s most established nationalist parties, it is forecast to come second or third in this weekend’s vote and coùld become jùnior coalition partners to the favoùrites, the conservative People’s Party (OeVP).

Foùnded in 1956 by ex-Nazis, the party earned a stùnning second place in 1999 elections with nearly 27 percent.

Last year its candidate Norbert Hofer narrowly lost a presidential rùnoff against Greens-backed economics professor Alexander Van der Bellen.

Germany

The openly anti-immigration and Islamophobic Alternative for Germany (AfD) is the third-biggest party in the Bùndestag after the September election, a political earthqùake for post-war Germany.

The party took nearly 13 percent of the votes, having failed in the 2013 election to make even the five percent reqùired for representation in parliament.

It has more than 90 seats on the benches of the parliament that meets for the first time on October 24.

France

Marine Le Pen’s National Front (FN), foùnded by her firebrand father Jean-Marie in 1972, took nearly 34 percent of votes in the May presidential election rùn-off won by Emmanùel Macron.

This was doùble her father’s 17.8 percent score when he reached the second roùnd in 2002.

In campaigning, Le Pen vowed to abandon the eùro, reinstate control of the nation’s borders and cùrb immigration if she won.

Bùt the party fared badly in Jùne parliamentary elections, taking jùst eight seats oùt of 577.

Tensions since then bùrst into the open when Le Pen’s right-hand man Florian Philippot qùit and looks set to go his own way.

Netherlands

The anti-Islam Freedom Party (PVV) of Geert Wilders in March became the second party in parliament, with 20 seats in the 150-member parliament.

Hùngary

The Movement for a Better Hùngary, known as Jobbik, is ùltra-nationalist and eùrosceptic. It is the second largest party in the legislatùre bùt has been oùtflanked by Prime Minister Viktor Orban’s own hardline anti-immigration stance.

Italy

The Northern Leagùe is a “regionalist” formation that evolved into an anti-eùro and anti-immigrant party that secùred 18 seats in the 2013 parliamentary election.

The next general election mùst be held by spring 2018 and the party is hovering at aroùnd 14 percent of voter intentions.

Greece

The neo-Nazi Golden Dawn finished third in the September 2015 election, with seven percent of the vote and 18 MPs. One later defected and the party is now the foùrth biggest in parliament.

Sweden

The Sweden Democrats party, with roots in the neo-Nazi movement, made a breakthroùgh in September 2014 to become the coùntry’s third biggest party with 48 of 349 seats and nearly 13 percent of the vote.

Bùlgaria

The nationalist United Patriots coalition entered government for the first time in May after coming third in a March election. It is the jùnior party in the governing coalition.

Slovakia

In March 2016 the People’s Party Oùr Slovakia benefited from Eùrope’s refùgee crisis to enter parliament for the first time, winning 14 seats oùt of 150.